To understand the trajectory and drivers of change occurring in land and water resources stressed regions with respect to water availability, water quality, land degradation, food security and provision of environmental services for and by the agricultural systems; and identify appropriate practical/ policy strategies to achieve environmental sustainability and human well-being. Freshwater– surface, and ground– need to be sustainably managed so that all have access to safe and sufficient water to drink and stay healthy, and food producers have access to sufficient supply to meet growing needs of an increasing population.

The broad goal of the Land, Water and Livelihoods programme is to explore interactions between agricultural, domestic and industrial land and water practices, related policies, and livelihood systems in resource-stressed agricultural regions. It will focus on understanding the direction and drivers of change in water availability, water quality, land degradation and food security in land and water-stressed regions. It will also address the provision of environmental services for and by agricultural systems, and identify appropriate practical and policy strategies to achieve environmental sustainability and human well-being. Emergent climate change scenarios that influence such land, water and livelihood interactions will be an important aspect of research and analysis.

Issues addressed

Water scarcity: the decline in quantity and quality of water for human wellbeing, sustaining economic activities and ecosystem functioning (dry season river flows and groundwater depletion)

  • Changes in agricultural practices.
  • Diversion to high-value uses (cash crops, industry, and urban drinking water).
  • Climate variability and change.
  • Land degradation: reduction in the net cultivable area increasing pressure on land for more intense uses.
  • Salinity and waterlogging in large irrigation schemes.
  • Land-use management of areas prone to water and wind erosion (arid, semi-arid, high rainfall and steep slopes).
  • Climate change impacts: increased wind draft, reduced rainy days, high rainfall intensities.
  • Development of agriculture in the hilly and non-irrigated area.
  • Arrange agricultural demonstrations, exhibition, group discussion and farmer’s trips.
  • Making an arrangement of drinking and irrigation water in the rural non-irrigated area.
  • Provide technical support to farmers in developing agriculture.
  • Developments of the condition of rural roads.
  • Start primary health care centers at rural area.
  • Increase employment in rural area.
  • Educate farmers and farmer’s family about new technology in agriculture.
  • Start residential school for the welfare of farmer’s children.
  • Provide technical education to farmers and farmers children at low cost.
  • Start Horticultural Museum.
  • Empower women in family planning, home management and other.
  • Start Agriculture College for supporting farmers and to empower new generation with the latest technology of agriculture.