Climate change is emerging as the biggest threat to human and wildlife communities. The temperature of the earth is rising because of the release of greenhouse gasses, mainly by developed countries. Although NRCN communities have contributed very little to the rise of the earth's temperature, we will be the among the first to suffer from the consequences. As the effects are at a global scale we must seek ways to mitigate the threats and adapt our living styles to minimize the threats to human communities and natural ecosystems. We are monitoring changes in ecosystems via some key indicator species and are committed to finding solutions that could be applicable at the field level.

Our contribution NRCN staff act responsibly on making their contribution to reduce global warming.  Climate change and response by amphibians. Amphibian populations are declining across the world at an alarming rate due to several threats such as habitat loss, overexploitation, and the introduction of exotic species.

Effect of climate change in Nepal

The effects of greenhouse gases (GHGs) on both drought and flooding events have been found, including severe winter drought and excessive monsoon flooding. Climate change has been alarming in the context of global warming. In Nepal, 95% of greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and forestry sectors were 77% from forestry sector only. The consequences of global warming have had the most impact on developing and mountainous countries like Nepal, which has high-intensity rainfall during the rainy season. It has resulted in heavy floods, landslides and soil erosion. It is also common to find drought in many parts of Nepal that come from the impacts of climate change and impacts sectors like the forest, water resources, agriculture, human health and biodiversity in Nepal. Likewise, altogether 14 glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) have happened between 1935 & 1991 in Nepal. In total, 21 GLOFs have been identified as being potentially dangerous at present. In this way, CC and livelihoods integral part and have vice versa relationship. The low income & subsistence users are about 38% of total population Nepal lies below the poverty line have a hard time to afford for their livelihoods in Nepal. That is a great challenge to cope with climate change induced hazard & extreme events. The livelihoods of more than 80% local people of the hilly region are heavily depending on a climate-sensitive area such as agriculture, forest, and livestock and on other natural resources such as water & irrigation.

Adaptation to climate change in the agricultural sector and allied sectors is a major current and future challenge for Nepal. The majority of the population is still dependent on highly climate-sensitive agriculture. In recent years, long drought spells during the monsoon season and increased temperatures and unseasonal heavy rains during winter have caused serious distress to agriculture-dependent communities in many locations