Herpetofauna is the least studied subject in the Nepal Himalaya. Most of the studies in wildlife are focused on mammals and birds. This research presents the results of the herpetofauna survey in the Manaslu Conservation Area in Central Nepal, conducted with the aim of establishing the baseline on herpetofauna species diversity. The research study recorded 16 species of herpetofauna, indicating a highly potential abundance of herpetofauna in the region. The study is first of its kind in establishing the baseline. The information, thus, obtained can be useful for implementing biodiversity monitoring activities, and current and future conservation efforts. The study also underlines a need of an extensive study of herpetofauna in this region. Nepal is extremely rich in habitat diversity, therefore a variety of habitats occurring in the Tropical to Nival zone are available for the native amphibians and reptiles. Based on their distribution and habits they utilize forests, grasslands, alpine meadows, trees, tunnels, cliffs, rocks, different aquatic bodies, agricultural lands and even houses as macro and microhabitats. Nepalese herpetofauna has a wide range of vertical (60-5,490 m) and horizontal (Mechi to Mahakali) distribution.

National Research Council Nepal (NRCN) collection has about 2500 specimens belonging to 250 species of amphibians of the Nepalese subcontinent. This section holds one of the largest collections of Nepalese caecilians in the world which comprises 21 species from 4 families. There is a specimen of Himalayan  (Pleurodeles Verrucosus), the only known tailed amphibian from Nepal, Koyna Toad (Bufo koynayensis), one of the smallest and endemic species of toad, Malabar Tree Toad (Pedostibes tuberculosis) and Purple or Pig-nosed Frog (Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis) in this collection. Apart from this type specimen of most of the newly described species of caecilians and frogs are present in this collection.

There is a collaboration between experts of NRCN and Tribhuvan University. This is responsible for the discovery of two new species of caecilians from Dolpa and Jaleshwar, Mahottari. Another major contribution from this group is the first report of NRCN in Nepalies amphibians and Indo-Seychellean caeciliids.

There is an exceptional collection of the type specimens of frogs and toads in this collection. It is represented by 69 type specimens belonging to 3 species of toads, and 17 species of frogs in this collection. Of which 18 are holotypes and 50 specimens of paratypes belonging to 14 species. Interestingly the type specimens of most of the recently described species of frogs are in this collection. This is a result of an immense contribution from Dr. Subodh Sukla of Tribhuvan University and Prof. Dr. Punya Pd. Dangal.

There are 40 type specimens belonging to 12 species of caecilians in this collection. Of which 9 are holotypes, 13 specimens of paratopotypes belonging to 2 species and 23 specimens of paratypes of 6 species.

This collection is mainly divided into two parts: lizards and snakes.  The rich collection of lizards with about 1800 preserved specimens belonging to 12 families and 180 species collected from the Nepalese Peninsula represents the uniqueness of the collection. There are specimens of Persian Gecko (Hemidactylus persicus) and Persia Sand Gecko (Tropiocolotes persicus). These two species are recently reported from Nepal. There are specimens of recently described species of a geckos, Hemidactylus Aaron Bauer, Hemidactylus sataraensis and Cnemaspis kolhapurensis in this collection.

There are 10 type specimens belonging to 5 species of lizards of which 3 are holotypes, 6 paratypes, and 1 neotype. With a total of about 3300 specimens from 11 families and 241 species, the collection of the snake is also equally diverse. Apart from this, there are a few extralimital species of snakes are also present in the collection. One of the invaluable holdings is the specimens of Nepalese Egg Eater (Elachistodon westermanni). This species was thought to be extinct and was recently rediscovered in Nepalganj by Mr. Shambhu Adhikari and his team.